Home safety fire prevention usj 2
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This year, the nation was shook by news of a fire at a home in USJ 2, Subang Jaya, which claimed the lives of 4 people. The victims had failed to get out in time, as the fire engulfed the lower floor, and the grille of the upstairs windows could not be opened.

The tragic incident served as a wake-up call for better fire safety at home, and in highlighting the importance of educating ourselves and family members on what to do to prevent fires, as well as what to do should one happen.



Before its too late

The age-old saying of ‘prevention is better than cure’ holds true when it comes to fire safety at home. There are several simple prevention methods that could be used to prevent fires at home.

How to prevent fire at home:

1. Use only SIRIM approved or equivalent electrical appliances.


2. Install smoke detectors in the kitchen, between the living room and dining room, as well as place one on each floor (for multi-level homes). Change batteries regularly to ensure that they are functional.

3. Place fire extinguishers in easily accessible parts of the home.

4. Keep an extra sets of keys to your main & back door in your rooms. Doing this would enable you to escape quickly in case of an emergency.

Keep the keys to the padlocks of windows nearby.


5. If window grills are installed, make sure that they can be opened for easier escape. Some window grills come with latches that would allow you to have it locked with a padlock.







Do not ‘overload’ extension cord



6. Avoid having multiple electrical appliances connected to a single electrical outlet or power cord extension. This is to prevent ‘overloading’ of current on the electrical outlet. When overloading happens, and the circuit breaker or switchboard fails, a fire may start.
















Don't ‘chain’ extension cords


7. Never connect extension cords to other extension cords, as doing so can overload them.

8. Switch off all electrical outlets and unplug appliances whenever they are not in use. Current may still be running through the wires when an appliance is still plugged into the socket although it is switched off. Do this especially when you’re going for a holiday.


9. Never leave laptops or mobile phones charging without supervision, especially overnight.

10. If you are using a clothes dryer, never use it when you are sleeping or when you are not at home.

11. Have your home electrical system checked by professional electricians. Old wiring may need replacement if it is damaged by pests such as rats or ants. Circuit breakers or switchboards may also need replacement over time.


12. Never leave the fire of a stove on without supervision.


13. Place cooking oil, flammable liquids and materials away from the stove and electrical outlets. Should a small fire occur, these flammable materials should not be near it.


14. If you are using a gas stove, and smell gas, quickly detach the gas from the stove, open all windows, and head outside of your home to call the fire department. If it happens at night, DO NOT turn on the light in the kitchen, proceed to immediately opening windows and making the call outside.

15. Never light a candle near flammable materials such as newspapers, books, magazines, curtains, etc.




Planning an escape route


You as well as other residents of your home should also have a plan of escape, in the event of a fire. This is to avoid panic and to ensure a quicker escape, as well as setting a meeting point for everybody.

Extra tip: Print a layout of your home with the routes drawn out to help children or elders understand better.


Aside from fire extinguishers, other handy equipments to prepare are torchlights, fire escape masks, and even screw drivers. The torch is to light the way or enable others to find you more easily. 

Remember to read the manufacturer’s instructions and labels on how to use the fire escape mask, and teach other members of the family how to use them. Fire escape masks help you breathe during a fire for safe escape. Breathe calmly when using a fire emergency mask, because the more you pant, the quicker it gets clogged up, making it unusable.



Keep screwdrivers in your room, Phillips and Slotted head ones, along with a hammer, knife, fireproof tape, and scissors as well.

The screw drivers come in handy should you be trapped in. If you have a fixed window grill, and can’t get your head outside the window, remove the grill by unscrewing the bolts. Use a knife or scissors to cut any connections if necessary.

If there is a window which is shut tight and you can’t open it, break it with a hammer or a heavy and sharp object. Remember to use towels and so on as some form of protection from the shattering glass. Clear sharp and jagged edges on the window with the hammer, and cover broken glass shards with towels or bed sheets before climbing through.



What to do when there is a fire?


If you happen to notice when a the fire just begins and is still manageable, use a fire extinguisher to put out the fire before it spreads. Avoid using water to put out fires that start from electrical appliances or on the stove. However, should you lack the proper equipment to put out the fire, follow the simple principe of ‘MINOR FIRE- ESCAPE, THICK SMOKE- SHUT THE DOOR’ as per expert firefighter Mr. Tsai Tsung-Han, from Taiwan’s advice. 



Watch the full video (with English subtitles) of his guidelines here:

There are several scenarios which could call for different step, and will be explained in detail below.


Scenario 1- Fire in the kitchen

Should a fire break out on the stove when cooking, here is what to do:

(i) Place a lid over the wok or pan to smother the fire. This will cut off the oxygen supply to the fire.
(ii) Disconnect and turn off the gas.
(iii) Never pour water into the wok or pan when there’s fire, because the mixture of superheated oil and water could create an explosion as seen here.
(iv) If the fire becomes uncontrollable, exit your home immediately with children or other members of the family.
(v) Call 999.


Scenario 2- Fire in your landed home

If you live in a landed home, follow these steps:

(i) If you are in your bedroom with your door closed, DO NOT open the door first.
(ii) Check if there is smoke coming out from under the door.
(iii) Place the back of your hand on the door and door knob.

(iv) If it is not too hot, slowly open the door.
(v) Alert all other family members or people in the house. (If the smoke is moderate)
(vi) Follow exit plan and make your way out of the house. (Help or guide children and elderly.)
(vii) If there is thick smoke, get down and crawl.
(viii) Leave everything behind. You should have your keys already in your hand that is kept in your room to open any locks.
(ix) Call 999 after you have exited.

Extra note:
- Educate young children to always escape and exit the premise whenever they see smoke as a safety measure. Also, tell them to alert other adults such as neighbours when they are outside of the danger zone.
- If you see smoke coming from under the door of a room, do not open the door so that the flames can be contained.



Scenario 3- Fire in your home and you are trapped in a room

Regardless of whether in a landed or high-rise residence, here’s what to do if you find yourself stuck in a room.

(i) If the door or door knob is too hot to touch, and there is a lot of smoke coming from under the door, DO NOT open the door.

(ii) Take clothes, blankets, towels, or anything to seal the openings in the door to prevent smoke from getting in.
(iii) Call 999 immediately.
(iv) If in a landed house with grille that can be opened, climb out onto the roof and alert neighbours.
(v) If unable to exit the room in any other way, lie down on your belly on the floor and wait for help to arrive.
(vi) Wet a piece of cloth, breathe calmly over it. Doing this may provide temporary relief, but may not filter out toxic smoke entirely
(vii) While waiting for fire fighters, be alert and listen carefully if there are any rescuers who are trying to locate you.
(viii) Make Loud Noises - If you think rescuers can’t hear you, or if you have trouble shouting. Knock an objects against the floor, furniture, etc..

Extra note: Leave doors unlocked so rescuers can reach you.


Scenario 4- Fire in a high-rise building

Be it in an apartment, condominium, hotel, or even office building, there are certain steps that can be taken to ensure safety during a fire.

(i) If you are in a unit within a high-rise building, and the fire is not in your unit, first try to ascertain the location of the fire.
(ii) Look out the window or balcony and look for smoke.
(iii) If the smoke is coming from a floor above where you are, begin to make your way out of the building.
(iv) Again, see if there is smoke coming from under the door of your unit/room/office.
(v) Check the temperature of the door before opening.
(vi) Look outside.
(vii) If there is no smoke or a moderate amount of smoke, make your way to the staircase.
(viii) Remember to close the door to your unit/room/office etc..
(ix) Again, crawl if there is smoke, but inform others to do so as well.
(x) If there is a door at the staircase, check for smoke and feel the temperature of the door.
(xi) If the door of the fire escape is not hot or there is no smoke, open the door and head DOWN.
(xii) Exit the building and call 999.

Extra note: If the door of the fire escape is hot, do not open. Look for alternative staircase. If not found, return to your unit/room/office immediately. (Proceed to Scenario 5)


Scenario 5- Fire in a high-rise building, trapped in your unit/room/office

If you find that the only option left is to stay in your unit/room/office during a fire, follow these steps:

(i) Like in Scenario 3, seal the door to prevent smoke from entering.

(ii) If there is no smoke outside the window or balcony, open it, go outside and signal for help.
(iii) If smoke is visible outside the window or balcony, do not open them and instead, shut them.
(iv) Call 999.
(v) Lie on your stomach and wait for rescuers to come to you.
(vi) Make noises to attract their attention.

Extra note: Inform rescuers the floor, unit/room number etc. to help them locate you better. Unlock doors and padlocks etc. so rescuers can reach you more easily.



Don’t forget!

1. Prevention is always best to avoid any unfortunate incidents from happening.
2. Always be prepared with the knowledge and tools in case of a fire.
3. During home fires, most people die due to the inhalation toxic smoke, and rarely from getting burnt.
4. Keep low and crawl under smoke whenever there’s a fire.
5. On the ground, breathe calmly.
6. If your clothes catch on fire, remember to STOP, DROP and ROLL.


Though we hope that you may never have to encounter a situation that will need you to take these steps, it’s best to know what to do should a fire break out at home, and more importantly, take precautions to prevent fires from happening. With this knowledge, hopefully you will be able to keep your home and family members safe.

Found this article useful? Spread the knowledge with those you care about! Ever had a fire break out in your home? Tell us your experience or any other tips you may have in the comments below!

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Aceakl m jamil ali small

always remember our family safety first before we do renovation for our home

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Yeah, it is also prudent to have an electrician check on your aged electrical wiring once every 10 years.

In my opinion, if your house has an alarm installed... just activate the ALARM if you still can, at least it will attract attention (especially when everyone in the neighborhood is sleeping)... I know some higher end system can help you call the fire brigade/police/ambulance in case of emergencies...

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Just wondering how many of us actually have fire prevention tools like smoke detection alarm, fire distinguishers etc at home? 

Many of us also have fully grilled windows (without openings) at home, well at least my house does, if fire starts downstairs, Im sure dead.

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Yes, the contractor who installed your grille should have asked if you would like to install window grilles with padlocks. Not too late to change if not done, better be safe than sorry later. 

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good sharing. important knowledge for everyone. 

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@6011_3531_5354

Yes, and it is prudent to always make sure the keys are hung nearby the fire emergency route. And make sure your room guests know where it is as well. :^)

Own dp small

Yea, it is best to keep the fire extinguiser at an appropriate place and placed smoke alarm between kitchen and living room area.

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@JohnL 

Install and maintain regularly... when we need it MOST, it HAS to be functioning...

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always have screw driver and tool set in your bedroom (well there are cases whereby your door knob is locked and you might need to use it) 

and not to mentioned have fire extinguisher (1l can) foam or abc type in room and big one in living hall / kitchen (9kg) 

and have your fire extinguisher service regularly.

i always keep small can in the room (well better than nothing) as it is so cheap to own one nowadays. ... 9kg for 100 plus ringgit and 1l can is less than 15 bucks 


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@imronaldsoo 

I wonder what type of fire can the 15 bucks a can fire extinguisher put out?

James bond craig junio2006 small

I think nowadays with all these news and people being more educated about fire hazard, more and more people have fire extinguisher at home. I have a few at home too. And something not many people realise it's importance too, which is the key to your pad lock to your grill, should always be within your reach. Just in case you need to climb out of your window.

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@james_bob 

Maybe to conduct fire drill exercises at home too. Haha. 

Kate chew small

There's an incident recently that happened in USJ 2 sometime ago and it came out in the papers. Usually people died from the fire, it's usually from the great amount of smoke that they inhale and faint. 

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I have attended a Fire Safety and Prevention Awareness Seminar... they recommend the use of a Smoke Hood which can save your life even in thick smoke caused by fire...

Only downside, the price is very STEEP for one of these. BTW, it is non-reusable.

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1 very simple golden rule is to nail a hook near the window of every bedroom & hang the padlock key there. Strap a cute keychain to each key to make it noticeable.

The 2nd golden rule will be to have your immediate neighbours telephone nos  in your phone; advisable to label it as 'neighbour 1, neighbour 2; something easy to remember in times of panic. 'Look out for each others house' as the saying goes.

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Interactions with immediate neighbour. Something city folks often neglect in their busy lives. 

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Come to think of it, this is like a wake up call. My window grill is locked and I have no idea where they keys are!!! Didn't realised it's importance until this.

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@veron 

Even if you know where your keys are located... It is prudent to try and unlock with the keys occasionally... Just to make sure it WILL work during emergencies.

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Fire safety awareness in our country is very low as it has been taken fro granted. American companies, schools and embassy usually request us to provide fire safety equipment  in the homes for their staff stay.    

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@davidwong 

Good that they take good care of their staff by providing fire safety equipment... brace them in the event of a fire.

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@domng Not only its not reusable, it has an effective life span as well, which means need to get it replaced after a certain period.

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@Zara 

Does fire extinguishers have lifespan? I thought if the pressure is periodically checked, it will be ok to use.

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Good question! I found this from google search. 

Most extinguishers last between five and 15 years, according to manufacturers. Check the tag on your extinguisher for dates and manufacturer's instructions. A fire extinguisher with a gauge should be checked every month to make sure it is properly charged. 

I am also learning. Cheers!  

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@domng I think got lah, my office one not only does the pressure fell to 0, the pin also quite tough to pull off, so I reckon yes they do have a lifespan, no matter how much you service it.

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@Zara 

Suggest you highlight this to your safety officer or your boss. You might need to use the fire extinguisher one day. 

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@domng I guess many people overlook this. Like the saying goes 'you won't know you need it until it happens'.

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@veron 

You won't miss something or someone until they are really gone! Then you wish you have appreciated them more. 

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@admin_ps good sharing